Jan
16

human trafficking in thailand

 

Although the government reported victims of forced labor under Section 6/1 were afforded the same rights to services as all other victims of trafficking, civil society groups reported that proposed implementing regulations, including those that provide permission for trafficking victims to remain in Thailand and allow victims to obtain compensation from the anti-trafficking fund, may not apply to those identified as victims of forced labor. The main piece of legislation in Thailand relating to human trafficking is the Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act, B.E. The DSI conducts the investigations, makes arrests, and works with social workers on the cases. Observers continued to report a reluctance by some law enforcement officials to investigate influential boat owners and captains, including those whom they perceived to have connections with politicians. Workers are brought in primarily from Cambodia and Laos with the promise of a decent wage, only to be trapped into working on boats with poorly regulated safety conditions. Driving the trade is the demand for commercial sexual exploitation. The government maintained law enforcement efforts. MOL also worked with NGOs to provide services at 10 migrant worker assistance centers. In 2019, the government inspected 181 employment agencies that recruited Thai workers and found unlawful practices in four, resulting in license suspensions and revocations. The protection against arbitrary deprivation of life is non-derivable under international and regional human rights law. Combating Human Trafficking in Thailand In Thailand, about 610,000 people are victims of modern-day slavery. Human trafficking, the third largest international crime, following illegal drugs and arms trafficking, is believed to be worth billions of dollars each year. However, high costs, difficulties in obtaining identity documents in home countries, and other administrative barriers continued to impede greater usage of this mechanism and also resulted in workers’ reliance on brokers assistance. Supporting Burmese Migrant Workers Vulnerable to Human Trafficking and Exploitation in Thailand An estimated 200,000 Burmese migrants fuel Thailand’s huge fishing industry in Samut Sakhon province, an hour outside of Bangkok. Section 6 of the 2008 anti-trafficking law, as amended, criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of four to 12 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 400,000 to 1.2 million baht ($13,440 to $40,310) for offenses involving an adult victim, and six to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 600,000 to two million baht ($20,150 to $67,180) for those involving a child victim. The government also permitted migrants to obtain 30-day and 90-day border passes to work in non-seasonal agricultural or manufacturing jobs, including within 10 developing special economic zones, but such temporary working arrangements did not provide workers access to social protections. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Thailand, and traffickers exploit Thai victims abroad. The government reported labor inspectors conducted inspection of 146 establishments in border areas in 2019 and found 71 in violations of the law; however, the government did not report identifying any cases of trafficking through these efforts and only issued corrective orders in all but one case. The government also maintained bilateral MOUs with neighboring countries to recruit migrant workers to Thailand, and 413,536 workers were recruited through this system in 2019. Thailand Prostitution Documentary – Human Trafficking In Bangkok I came across this documentary the other day and found it very interesting on a number of levels. Officials sometimes encouraged exploited workers who were likely victims of forced labor to mediate their situation with their employer or referred their cases to labor courts, rather than recognizing them as trafficking victims. In addition, some officials did not routinely identify victims who initially consented to travel to Thailand or consented to work in the industry in which they were later exploited. In addition, the government’s criminal defamation laws continued to allow companies to pursue criminal charges against potential victims and advocates during the reporting period, and the government did not report investigating company owners for subjecting these workers to exploitation. Photo courtesy of Dorthea Shultz and Shear Love International Labor and sex traffickers exploit women, men, LGBTI individuals, and children from Thailand, other Southeast Asian countries, Sri Lanka, Russia, Uzbekistan, and some African countries in Thailand. Undocumented foreign victims of trafficking were required to remain in shelters while the government processed applications for permits to stay and work in Thailand. I am so excited to officially share that I will be signing on as a committed staff member to YWAM-Charlotte! During the reporting period, law enforcement increasingly conflated trafficking and smuggling crimes, and local observers reported that pressure from Royal Thai Police (RTP) leadership to provincial police to increase the number of trafficking cases resulted in police, sometimes knowingly, identifying cases of migrant smuggling as trafficking. Having been traded and transferred within the second largest and fastest growing criminal industry, humans as merchandise have manufactured a 32 billion dollar industry. The government continued to distribute a handbook in seven languages informing victims of their legal rights under the trafficking law, including access to services. The decree prohibited employers from deducting more than 10 percent of workers’ monthly salaries for personal expenses and the retention of travel or other personal documents; the law prescribed penalties of fines ranging from 10,000-100,000 baht ($340-$3,360) and up to six months’ imprisonment for employers who violated these rules. While anti-trafficking legislation has been improved and Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) facilities established in Thailand to provide support to male victims of trafficking, including fishermen, the current framework requires men who have been trafficked to stay in shelters and does not permit them to work. These efforts included providing anti-trafficking training to judges and working with NGOs to provide trauma-informed care training to police, prosecutors, and shelter staff. According to the Global Slavery Index, about one in 113 among its 69 million population was prey to human trafficking as of 2018. The government can likewise reduce human trafficking by concentrating on decreasing the corruption level in their nations and reinforce the authorization of law. Corrupt immigration officials facilitate trafficking by accepting bribes from brokers and smugglers along Thai borders. The majority of those rescued were women, most of them trafficked for forced labor. The government drafted an amendment to the Anti-Money Laundering Act of 1999 to expand the right of victims of trafficking to obtain compensation from assets forfeited from traffickers, which was pending the Thai Cabinet’s approval at the end of the reporting period. Thai law permitted foreign trafficking victims and witnesses to stay and work in Thailand for up to two years upon the completion of legal proceedings against their traffickers; however, the government did not report if any victims received this benefit during the reporting period. Sadly, human trafficking has been happening for way too long all around the world, but I am going to focus ni Thailand. • Increase government coordination to ensure labor violations and migrant workers’ complaints that include indicators of forced labor are investigated for trafficking crimes. In addition, government shelters often lacked sufficient numbers of interpreters, which weakened their ability to provide adequate services to victims. While courts reportedly followed protocols to protect victims and witnesses in most instances, NGOs reported some incidents where the court failed to provide a non-confrontational cross examining area, despite advance request, and asked witnesses to verbally confirm sensitive information in front of the suspects during proceedings. The fact is that Thailand and several other countries are leading fisheries because of illegal, human-rights violating practices.This includes human trafficking. However, authorities made the provision of services contingent upon a victim’s willingness to participate in law enforcement investigations. It must start with our respective selves, our families, the communities where we belong and eventually spread to our city, municipality, province, region and the country as a, The nation of Indonesia is a nation that has the dignity and self-respect of the nation is high so don't get this nation was broken just because the negative influences of foreign parties that want to destroy our nation's next generation of mental. However, Thai authorities did not consistently follow procedures for safely repatriating foreign victims. In Thailand, about 610,000 people are victims of modern-day slavery. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Firstly, I didn't realize just how badly human trafficking has taken a foothold on Bangkok and Pattaya. The government collaborated with an international organization to provide a training for 30 trainers from Bangkok and high-risk provinces on labor trafficking victim identification and protection. MSDHS provided vocational training activities in shelters, and victims could earn a minor income from activities such as craft-making. One of the greatest challenges in developing targeted counter-trafficking responses and measuring their impact is the lack of reliable, high-quality data related to the scale of human trafficking and the profile of victims. Hence, the law must control the conditions in which a person may be deprived of his right to life. PIPOs did not universally apply a standardized procedure for referring cases of fishermen who went missing at sea, including to identify indicators of trafficking on the vessels in which they went missing, and an increasing number of crewmembers went missing at sea during the reporting period. The Ministerial Regulation on Labor Protection for Sea Fishers required employers to pay workers’ salaries at least once per month through electronic deposits and to share catch profits. Some government officials profit from bribes and direct involvement in extortion from and exploitation of migrants. The scope of Thailand’s trafficking problem largely outstrips law enforcement resources, according to the 2003 Trafficking in Persons report. Thus the police should change their perception on assuming they have control over everything whereby police find it difficult to consult and if does happen, they consult only selected groups, Police should also allow the separation of their work with community to ease the task of crime prevention. The fact is that Thailand and several other countries are leading fisheries because of illegal, human-rights violating practices.This includes human trafficking. The Thai Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force (TICAC) investigated 26 cases of internet-facilitated child sex trafficking (19 in 2018). Thailand has enacted several laws against human trafficking. Jonathan Head has spent six months investigating the trafficking of humans in Thailand. Be critical of something new, many are asking people who are competent in their field and conscientious whether, Bought and sold, consumed and exploited, demoralized and subjugated, human bodies, personhood, dignity and labor have become the most valuable, profitable and reusable products in the growing market of the modern day world. BANGKOK: The number of human trafficking victims rescued in Thailand is set to hit a record high this year, according to government data, with … The government reported investigating 76 potential cases of labor trafficking—including four cases involving the fishing sector—compared to 43 in 2018. The battle has been raging on for every ASEAN country in the region, and while some governments have been more successful than others, every ASEAN member continues to face challenges. Bought and sold, consumed and exploited, demoralized and subjugated, human bodies, personhood, dignity and labor have become the most valuable, profitable and reusable products in the growing market of the modern day world. The main piece of legislation in Thailand relating to human trafficking is the Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking Act, B.E. Observers reported some officials utilized practices during MDT victim interviews that hindered the ability of victims to recount their exploitation. In addition, observers reported strict requirements for NGO-operated shelters to receive permission to assist formally identified victims made it challenging for additional NGOs to obtain this registration. Improve the capacity of law enforcement to proactively prosecute and convict labor traffickers and identify labor trafficking victims. Pattaya, Thailand is considered by many to be the sex tourism capital of the world. The government opened two new child advocacy centers, which served as child-friendly spaces where law enforcement, NGOs, and social workers could conduct forensic interviews of child trafficking victims; this brought the total number of centers to seven. Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha is satisfied the United States has kept Thailand in its Tier 2 human trafficking list and vows to work harder to end human trafficking in the country. MSDHS trafficking shelters did not allow victims—including adults—to leave without permission, which was often denied; only victims who received permission to work outside shelters could leave the shelter on a regular basis for work. Following the Anti-TIP Act, Thailand published its National Policy Strategies and Measures to Prevent and Suppress TIP, intended to cover years 2011-2016. Corruption continues to undermine anti-trafficking efforts. One local NGO reported DSI officers more frequently utilized victim-centered practices during MDT interviews than local police officers. AMHERST, N.Y. – While participating in a recent service learning opportunity in Thailand, Daemen College students experienced first-hand efforts to prevent human trafficking in a country where this remains a serious issue. MSDHS employed more than 300 interpreters, an increase compared to 251 in 2018, but often relied on interpreters provided by NGOs and international organizations during rescue operations. However, observers continued to report inadequate options for vocational training and work offered in shelters. It is also a hotbed of human trafficking and abuse. Most victims of human trafficking in Thailand are, in fact, of Thai nationality – The majority of trafficking victims identified in Thailand are Thai nationals, trafficked both domestically and internationally. The 610 sex and labor trafficking victims whom the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) reported assisting in government and NGO shelters (401 in 2018), included 134 Thai and 476 foreign victims, and 170 victims of sex trafficking and 440 victims of labor trafficking. The government did not report how many victims it permitted to work outside shelters in 2019—compared to 65 in 2018 and 149 in 2017. In addition, the foreign affairs ministry produced and shared a video clip on television and social media that included indicators of trafficking among Thai nationals abroad and methods to report suspected cases. Some parents or brokers force children from Thailand, Cambodia, and Burma to sell flowers or other items in streets, beg, or work in domestic service in urban areas. However, the government also reported identifying an additional 950 individuals as trafficking victims subjected to “extortion,” many of whom were likely irregular Burmese or Rohingya migrants transiting Thailand seeking employment in third countries, particularly Malaysia. Government shelters often lacked adequate numbers of psychologists and staff trained on trauma-informed care, inhibiting victims from obtaining psycho-social and individualized care. Prosecutors and multi-disciplinary teams (MDTs) frequently looked for evidence of physical abuse, and cases of labor trafficking were frequently directed to labor courts rather than criminal prosecution. Members of ethnic minorities, highland persons, and stateless persons in Thailand have experienced instances of abuse indicative of trafficking. The Anti-Human Trafficking and anti Child Abuse Center (ATCC) in Pattaya, Thailand, has recently launched The Child Protection and Development Life Skill Center (CPLC) run by Mr. Ja in coordination with a national foundation called Fight Against Child Exploitation (FACE). Thailand's reliance on migrant workers and reported abuses in several export-oriented industries has heightened international and domestic attention to trafficking … In 2019, the government allocated approximately 3.8 billion baht ($127.9 million) towards its prevention and suppression of trafficking budget, compared to approximately 3.64 billion ($122.3 million) allocated in 2018. The government continued to refer victims formally identified by MDTs to government-operated shelters where they had access to counseling, legal assistance, medical care, civil compensation, financial aid, witness protection, education or vocational trainings, and employment opportunities. During the reporting period the government transferred the authority of the Command Center for Combating Illegal Fishing (CCCIF), which operated 32 port-in port-out (PIPO) centers and 19 additional forward inspection points (FIP), to the Department of Fisheries, while the newly established Thai Maritime Enforcement Command Center (Thai-MECC) oversaw PIPO and FIP operations. Traffickers exploit some migrants in labor trafficking often through debt-based coercion, deceptive recruitment practices, retention of identity documents and ATM cards, illegal wage deductions, and other means. The government operated five post-arrival and reintegration centers that assisted migrant workers who entered Thailand through the MOU process by providing information on labor rights, Thai culture, employment contracts, trafficking awareness, and complaint mechanisms; in 2019, these centers assisted 413,536 migrant workers. The government did not report how many restitution claims prosecutors filed on behalf of victims in 2019 (116 in 2018) but reported courts ordered 3.3 million baht ($110,850) in restitution for 14 victims in two cases in 2019. Trafficking at it's core takes away the basic freedoms and rights of a person. The trafficking litigation unit of the Office of the Attorney General (OAG) did not find sufficient evidence of trafficking in approximately 18 percent of cases with arrested suspects referred to the unit by law enforcement in 2019, which was an increase compared to nine percent in 2018 and two percent in 2017. Some government officials are directly complicit in trafficking crimes, including through accepting bribes or loans from business owners and brothels that exploit victims. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Thailand, and traffickers exploit Thai victims abroad. Over 900 human trafficking survivors have been rescued in Thailand so far this year, a figure set to cement 2019 as the nation’s worst for the illegal trade on record. • Continue to increase efforts to ensure victims receive court-order restitution from their traffickers. DSI is the main law enforcement agency that works on human trafficking cases and investigations in Thailand. The government introduced a manual for PIPO centers on standardized inspection practices and, although still inconsistent, centers increasingly utilized universal checklists for inspection operations compared to previous years. We believe that there are several areas that are ripe for a movement of God and that are currently being addressed by some of our own ministries. Labor traffickers exploit Thai and migrant workers in commercial fishing and related industries, the poultry industry, manufacturing, agriculture, domestic work, and street begging. It involves an “act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving a person through the use of force, coercion or other means for the purpose of exploiting them” (UNODC, 2016). Some NGOs’ perceptions of corruption made them reluctant to work with the government or certain agencies in some cases. In April 2019, the government amended the 2008 anti-trafficking law to include a separate provision under Section 6/1, specifically addressing “forced labor or services,” which prescribed penalties of six months’ to four years’ imprisonment, a fine of 50,000 to 400,000 baht ($1,680 to $13,440) per victim, or both. Thailand has comprehensive anti-trafficking laws and policies—some of the best in Southeast Asia. The majority of those rescued were women, most of them trafficked for forced labor. Traffickers increasingly induce young Thai girls and boys to perform sex acts through videos and photos on the internet, sometimes by blackmailing victims with explicit images. Thus, to ensure a fair treatment for both trafficked and exploited, The main aim of legalisation is to protect social order. In addition, the government coordinated with foreign governments to deny entry to known sex offenders. How has Thailand let this happen? Workers are brought in primarily from Cambodia and Laos with the promise of a decent wage, only to be trapped into working on boats with poorly regulated safety conditions. While the government made efforts to reduce the length of prosecutions and thereby decrease the amount of time victims had to stay in shelters, NGOs reported the required shelter stays continued to deter foreign victims from cooperating with law enforcement, with some preferring to instead be deported to their home countries. The government could only provide temporary assistance to potential victims for up to eight days, and formal identification by MDTs was necessary for victims to obtain a legal right to services. Consequently, victims frequently sought temporary care from NGOs, who did not receive government funding, before they were prepared to undergo the MDT interview process. MSHDS trained 1,000 MDT participants on victim identification, with a focus on forced labor following the 2019 amendment to the anti-trafficking law. Labor inspectors working in PIPO teams verified crew lists using biometric data and worker interviews. Employers rarely provided workers a contract to keep or in their language, and research indicated migrant fishermen were less likely to have signed a contract in their own language than in previous years; contacts attributed this decrease to the government ceasing to proactively provide a standard contract that had been made available in multiple languages in previous years. Last night I bought my ticket to Charlotte! This apparent conflation of trafficking with smuggling crimes resulted in overcrowding at government-operated trafficking shelters and may have decreased the quality of services provided to sex and labor trafficking victims. Courts sentenced approximately 74 percent of convicted traffickers to five or more years of imprisonment. MSDHS developed a mobile application for trafficking victims and witnesses to report exploitation and request protective services, including interpretation, and it provided information on the rights of trafficking victims in seven languages. Further, some police may have purposely compromised investigations and failed to provide prosecutors sufficient evidence to prosecute trafficking cases. It conducted campaigns through newspapers, television, radio, social media, billboards, and handouts to raise public awareness throughout the country. MSHDS provided training to 200 police officers on the Beggar Control Act and identification of forced begging cases. Human Trafficking in Thailand Human trafficking has been taking place since the beginning of mankind, but Thailand and its surrounding countries have seen a rise since the Vietnam War. The trial on July 19 in which Bangkok’s Criminal Court Division for Human Trafficking convicted 62 people on charges of human trafficking, including an army general, was Thailand… On the other hand the government itself can reduce human trafficking by bringing in severe rules and regulations and bringing out laws that can remove human trafficking completely. About 45 minutes outside of Pattaya, past shanties and roadside stalls selling mangos, I arrive at the Anti-Human Trafficking and Child Abuse Center. The government also amended the anti-trafficking law in 2015 to provide protection to whistleblowers but has never reported applying this provision. Credible reports indicate some corrupt officials protect brothels, other commercial sex venues, factory owners, and fishing vessel owners from raids, inspections, and prosecutions and collude with traffickers. Ranked as the third most serious illegal trade after drugs and weapons (Hughes, 2000), sex trafficking is the illegal moving and selling of human beings across countries in exchange for financial or other compensation (Toepfer & Wells, 1994). Thai law legally obligated prosecutors to file restitution claims when a victim expressed intention to make a claim. Nonetheless, the absence of clear guidance on the application of the forced labor amendment in victim identification during the majority of the reporting period led to confusion among front-line officers. Despite making amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code in March 2019 that would enable courts to immediately dismiss cases filed with dishonest intent or to intimidate the defendants, as well as amendments in February 2019 that strengthened the rights of defendants in cases where their employers filed criminal defamation charges, the government did not report utilizing these amendments to drop criminal defamation charges pursued against advocates during the reporting period. Recent research reported fewer migrant workers, including those employed in the fishing industry, who were recruited in their home countries paid recruitment fees prior to starting their employment in Thailand. The lack of a requirement that employment contracts be written in both Thai and migrant workers’ languages, and a lack of clear guidance to measure work and rest hours for workers aboard fishing vessels heightened their risk of trafficking. There are approximately 375,000 migrant children residing in Thailand. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Bangkok OfficeUNODC Bangkok Office focuses on the criminal justice element of Human Trafficking. The government found 2,333 businesses and employers guilty of employing migrant workers without valid work permits in 2018, a sharp increase compared to 716 in 2018; the government collected 16 million baht ($537,450) in fines from 586 of these employers. In addition, workers’ past negative interactions with authorities and a lack of availability of interpreters at some labor offices deterred migrant workers from reporting exploitation. a. By law, MOU employers could recover costs associated with recruiting a migrant worker from the new employer when a worker requested to change jobs before the end of their employment contract, and some employers charged these workers to obtain their documents, making them susceptible to debt-based coercion. NGOs and international organizations widely reported the government did not adequately enforce minimum wage laws and lacked legislation mandating minimum wages in sectors with high employment of migrant workers, such as seasonal agriculture. In 2019, the government reported investigating 288 potential trafficking cases (304 in 2018), initiating prosecutions of 386 suspected traffickers (438 in 2018), and convicting 304 traffickers (316 in 2018). Various research published in 2019 and 2020 found that between 14 and 18 percent of migrant fishermen were exploited in forced labor in the Thai fishing industry, indicating traffickers exploited thousands of workers on fishing vessels. Authorities in Thailand rescued a total of 1,807 victims of human trafficking in 2019, a huge spike from 2018’s 622—and nearly double the previous record of 982, from 2015. 1997 Anti trafficking in Thailand member to YWAM-Charlotte of Thailand can take end! 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