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ethics in film production

 

Should the moral and ethical guidelines of documentary and mockumentary filmmaking be strictly adhered to if they impede on the overall artistic vision and message of the film? and Chris Marker’s Joli Mai (1962). The third point is responsibility. in order to stay true to the artistic vision of the film. Scenes are sometimes staged and the camera is used to provoke subjects. Production companies will claim that they ensure the participant is not being misled or manipulated by the filmmakers. Ethics in film: Moral obligations in production and reception. Not only that, but most film makers don’t want to. Production Studio; Virtual Reality Station; Idea Lab; Reserve a Multimedia Space (and/or Equipment) Software; Lauinger Library is currently closed. I show one side of the argument in the second chapter. This film Borat!, is shot in mockumentary style using handheld and often hidden cameras. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The Golden Rule is arguably the most essential basis for the modern concept of human rights, in which each individual has a right to just treatment, and a reciprocal responsibility to ensure justice for others. Woody Allen has almost become a case study for this moral dilemma. Is there really anything to personally gain from the self-censorship of what we consume? While the Hays code revoked the 1st amendment rights of film makers, a code of ethics could help guide film makers in their decision in what to put on the screen and how they manage production in a way that helps film makers use their audiences as an ends and not just an ends to a means. Pre-Code Hollywood was the brief era in the American film industry between the widespread adoption of sound in pictures in 1929 and the enforcement of the Motion Picture Production Code censorship guidelines, popularly known as the "Hays Code", in mid-1934. Direct Cinema is largely concerned with the recording of events in which the subject and audience become unaware of the camera’s presence. Within the context of mockumentary filmmaking, much like that of sincere documentaranians, the public are treated as social actors rather then fiction film performers. She loves a lot of  things, mostly Breaking Bad and history. In particular, I have chosen to focus my study on one film of this style of filmmaking. A much discussed example of cinema vrit would be the film that will become the topic of discussion throughout the course of this thesis Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (2006) directed by Larry Charles and starring Sacha Baron Cohen. Although the terms are often used interchangeably, cinema vrit and Direct Cinema are two distinct documentary film sub-genres. However, one of the legal issues that comes up a lot in film law is whether it makes good business sense to set up separate production or investment entities for that particular production that will bear the responsibility for the variety of obligations that will be undertaken as part of the film project. a variety of SLAPP cases have been brought against the filmmakers. After a bout of heavy drinking, the plaintiffs signed a release form they were told “had something to do with reliability issues with being in the RV,” their lawyer Oliver Taillieu states. In the case of Borat! They are expected to treat their subjects in a fair, open and straightforward manner, honour professional commitments, and act to clarify any confusion about the subjects role or responsibilities. (still .02) Borat is part of a cinematic tradition of using mockery to diminish the power of political, social and cultural oppressors.(8.) (23.) 23, (still .07) While the ADL openly acknowledges that the film is a satirized and farcical characterization, they do state in a formal letter of warning to the filmmakers We are concerned that one serious pitfall is that the audience may not always be sophisticated enough to get the joke, and that some may even find it reinforcing their bigotry. In doing so, I show that the filmmakers artistic vision and message, no matter how great or relevant, can have a long lasting negative effect on the subjects and participants of the film when they are duped into being pawns and unsuspecting foils to the main comedic actor playing a part with a hidden camera. as being part of a tradition of exposing and critiquing these American bigotries through the use of humour, seeks to expose these attitudes in their most debased forms and present them to the world an. In Docs the characters that are being followed are not actors and they are not getting paid. Filmmakers must constantly maintain and update their professional skills and ethical awareness.(20.) The vast effects that the documentary could have on the lives of the subjects should be taken into account and not just betted against the contract. However with the content and consequences of the film, I’m undecided. They should act positively to resolve ethical dilemmas and they should also ensure that those whom they supervise act ethically. Richard Andrew Hall states … Baron Cohen heavily concentrated on the genuinely powerful, whether celebrities or those with money and power, but in Borat! But when I found myself in a newsroom setting, I immediately realized that it was film as examples of how the filmmakers fail to respect the moral and ethical guidelines that inform other documentaries. He states, any measure of dubious or even unethical behaviour is justified after the event by the existence of the contract signed by the participant, the release form (33.). Her favourite films are Beasts of the Southern Wild, Lost in Translation, Pulp Fiction and The Royal Tenenbaums. Do we, in turn, let our qualms about the creator seep into what they create? Filmmakers are documenting real people, with real issues that generally come from dark places to shed light on the focus and bring it to the world’s attention. Artwork by Chloe Leeson. In one particular scene from Borat!, we see the titular character at a rodeo in Texas, performing a song directed towards Jewish people entitled In my country there is a problem that called on people to throw the Jew down the well, warning the public you must be careful of his teeth and that you must grab him by his horns to the delight of some members of the audience (still .07). The community in which the film was made would undoubtedly be affected by it and evangelism works best when it is done locally. ( Log Out /  It performs the raw act of filming real people and events in a confrontational and sometimes absurd way. Is there any value in abstaining from watching something because we don’t support what it conveys? It runs the risk of being accused of ignorance or blind, easily-influenced opinions – and that opens up room for a whole other ethical debate. (42.) Learn how your comment data is processed. This Hollywood Reporter Roundtable of 2014’s most prominent directors, The limit of greatness: Whiplash and abuse in art, [NEEDLE DROP] “Hallelujah” by Leonard Cohen in ‘Watchmen’, ‘The Sinners’ is a Coming of Age Tale Soaked in Sin, ‘Hunted’ Takes Little Red Riding Hood Into the 21st Century, ‘Shadow in the Cloud’ Director Roseanne Liang on Imperfect Main Characters and Premiering Her Film at TIFF 2020, Fear in His Eyes: Travis Bickle as the Voice of an Uneasy Conscience in ‘Taxi Driver’. Marzetta may like posting info from web … Ethics and film? In their professional activities, filmmakers are required to act in a trustworthy, reputable and accountable manner towards clients (subjects) and the community. The first series of Da Ali G Show originally aired on Channel 4 in the UK in 2000. Law schools have ethics classes. First Online: 29 August 2017. It is also known for taking a provocative stance toward its topics. When talking about the legal and ethical side of the TV and film industry you will need to… Shortly before the release of the film too, the right to use the domain name www.borat.kz was suspended, and the site attached was closed down due to the site being hosted outside Kazakhstan and hosting false names.(29.) Some are happy enough to switch on Annie Hall and place the fictional firmly away from reality, but as the two become mixed and blurred it seems harder and harder to justify what you watch, as if it’s branded to your character. When considering the production of either a Cinema Vrit or Direct Cinema film, it is important to weight in the moral and ethical dilemmas that the filmmakers must deal with in relation to the subjects of the proposed film. Direct Cinema is essentially what is now called a fly on the wall documentary. Even some undergraduate colleges or universities mandate an ethics class-but for the most part; film schools have no ethics class. This document is presented to and signed by the study subject. Ashley is a passive aggressive 16 year old from Norwich. Where the chain of ethical consequences ends is a grey area. Surely, it would not be hard for him to find typical examples of racism in any other major ethnicly shared cities anywhere else in the world. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. A key element of the Golden Rule in relation to documentary filmmaking is that the filmmaker, while attempting to film ethically treats their subjects with consideration, not just members of their crew. The guidance is for the general use of the professional consent defence for people (except minors or the mentally incapacitated) do know what they are doing. 15, The Code primarily consists of four overall ethical principles, Respect, Competence, Responsibility and Integrity. (21.) Whereas the Code Of Ethics serves to provide civic guidelines, the consent form acts as the legally binding part of the agreement. BUSINESS AND ETHICS ISIGK Ethics of production:This area of business ethics deals with the duties of a company to ensurethat products and production processes do not cause harm. The 2006 film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Natio… We’re faced with these sort of questions more and more frequently. The cinema vrit filmmaker acts as the catalyst of the situation. 585 Downloads; Abstract. Coercion outside the law has expanded its meaning to embrace the idea of compulsion without physical treat. I look to detail the actions of both the subject and the filmmakers as well as the anatomy of the scene and the level of interaction and knowledge that the filmmakers offered the subject before participating in the project, if any. Change ). Holding film makers ethically responsible for what ends up on the big screens could potentially … For the bases of this thesis I have chosen to answer this question through a discussion of the ethics of cinema vrit and the documentary/mockumentary style genre. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. She blogs at pacificdaylighttime and tweets at @heartswellss. It is hardly surprising that documentary and mockumentary films present ethical problems, in relation to the royalty to the original artistic concept and vision of the filmmakers, to the audience as a willing participant and, of course, the filmed subject as the focus basis of the film. The presence of the film crew with official sanction is subtly coercive(32.). The camera is obviously apparent and always acknowledged. I also address the resulting effect on the subject. As a medium, it is most successful when the traditional documentary structure is maintained or exaggerated. However, it is important to also state that the subject must not have been put under any pressure (coercion) to sway their decision, and that they reached a decision based on their full comprehension of the situation. decision-making. The Golden Rule is a moral and ethical guide; it is important to note that it is not strict legal merit. The moral code of ethics that filmmakers use as guidelines when first approaching the public as subjects for their films will also be addressed. Cynically, the consent form is simply a safeguard device or get-out-of-jail-free card, wheeled out by the filmmakers, against future lawsuits and liability. Interviews in a mockumentary are deliberately tiresome, with the interviewer’s reaction shots obviously edited at a later date for either comic effect (4). A consent form is A document explaining all relevant study information to assist the study volunteer (subject) in understanding the expectations and requirements of participation in a (filming) clinical trial. The morality lies in how the subjects are represented. Kazakhstan was never actually filmed for the purpose of Borat! Ethics in production is a subset of business ethic that is meant to ensure that the production function or activities are not damaging to the consumer or the society. The Direct Cinema filmmakers role involves not attempting to change the outcome of the events. Woody Allen attracts even more controversy as so many are quick to defend him, and even a ‘neutral’ view gives weight to the white male heavyweight of film’s persistent denial, causing us to question our moral instincts and think critically about what we want to defend in situations defined by uncertainty. Should the moral and ethical guidelines of documentary and mockumentary filmmaking be strictly adhered to if they impede on the overall artistic vision and message of the film? Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. the movie (hereafter Borat! In order to regulate all parties, production companies operate from a code of ethics rather then a strict legal binding. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. They shall not use the professional relationship to exploit clients, sexually or otherwise, and they shall deal 16, actively with conflicts of interest. ), is a mockumentary comedy film directed by American filmmaker Larry Charles and distributed by 20th Century Fox. It is suggested that the use of specific tools and methods of filming will depend on each concrete situation. Film Studies As a student, I grumbled about reading case law and decades-old ethical case studies when I’d much rather be running around with a crew and a camera. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. It’s not a compromise; it’s a lens. The Polish author of the blog Beatroot captured this well in a post on the Movania guidebook entitled Why is it that the only people liberals think its OK to laugh at these days are the white working class and Central and Eastern Europeans?(43.) Before and following the universal release of the film in 2006, seven lawsuits had been filed against the production company, Baron Cohen and filmmakers for amongst others fraud, rescission of contract, common law false light invasion of privacy, statutory false light, appropriation of likeness and negligent infliction of emotional distress.(46.) The Motion Picture Production Code was a set of industry guidelines for the self-censorship of content that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1934 to 1968. Imagine if a film (not a film production company) had the third bottom line of evangelism? Grizzly Man documents Timothy Treadwells infantile affection for bears, his anger at society, his raging narcissism, his paranoia and finally the tragic deaths of Treadwell and his girlfriend (still .01) in October 2003. Griersons principles of documentary were that cinema’s potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form and that the “original” actor or subject and “original” scene are better guides than their fiction counterparts to interpreting the modern world. The Anti-Defamation League, founded in 1913, is the worlds leading organization fighting anti-Semitism through programs and services that counteract hatred, prejudice and bigotry towards Jewish people (36.). Argo (2012) This film, which tells the story of a creative and daring escape from revolution-era Iran, won the Oscar for Best Pi… Content: American Sniper is the biopic of Chris Kyle who killed over 160 people during the Iraq War and took sadistic joy from it. It is, in other words, fundamentally imbalanced. In order to put Treadwell’s experience into context.(6.) However, does this impair our ability to discuss the ethics of the film? American Sniper is a relevant example of this. The Ethics of Production. Alarmed by the reportage of its fictitious reporter, the government of Kazakhstan launched a massive public relations and diplomatic offensive, emphasizing its commitment to human rights and gender and 20, equality (27.) They should recognize that the knowledge of their own expertise and capacity for work are limited, and take care not to exceed the limits. In particular, I have chosen to focus my study on one film of this style of filmmaking. Company Registration No: 4964706. This encounter, then, which is created by film—whether via filmmaking/production or spectatorship/reception—is ethical because it creates a dynamic between the various parties involved (and duty of care, however amorphous or hollow) that is rooted in their different positions of power and privilege. For the bases of this thesis I have chosen to answer this question through a discussion of the ethics of cinema vrit and the documentary/mockumentary style genre. Generally, production companies and film crews govern themselves with a code of ethics, especially when they handle sensitive issues like likeness rights, taking the subjects life situation into the equation and interactions with other cultures. Ethics are important, because they give people a shared basis of understanding in relation to the concepts of right and wrong. 24th Apr 2017 Many times the consent form is a bureaucratic, legalistic detail, intent on absolving the production companies of responsibility. He or she is filming in an observational context and ideally should not use the film to advance any type of political or social agenda. Sure enough, just as fast issues were raised in each of the C’s. He was used as a character for Da Ali G Show, a related satirical TV series starring Baron Cohen and featuring amongst others the title character Ali G and Borat. Thus, use of re-staging will be determined as well as Berkeley’s Graduate School of Journalism, I was required to take a class on law and ethics (students still are). Film makers should take care not to intrude inappropriately on clients’ privacy and as far as possible, they shall ensure that clients understand and consent to whatever professional action they propose. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Most filmmakers and producers do not do business individually. Finally the fourth point is integrity. (44.) As previously stated, these ethical codes have no legal bearing, but are relevant to all filmmakers when they engage with social actors for the purpose of making a cinema vrit or Direct Cinema film. A Code Of Ethics is essentially a set of guidelines that are designed to set out acceptable behaviours for members of a particular group, in this case filmmakers. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. was also nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay at the 79th Academy Awards. Most people seem to have accepted striking off Bill Cosby and thus tarnishing his public work with his personal life. So too, the film depiction of its anti-Semitism has also come into great debate amongst critics, audiences, the media and especially the Anti-Defamation League of America (ADL). However, most of the code is very unattainable. (2.) But behind them may be another, who is affected by the person standing in front of me. This raises interesting questions about the illusion of cinema, while faced with these styles of filmmaking, the audience is forced to confront the paradox of the truth claim in documentary cinema by mixing direct documentation 14, (fact direct cinema) and reenactment with characters playing themselves (fiction cinema vrit) in order to suggest that perhaps they are one in the same. Michael Moores documentaries Roger and Me (1989) (still .05) and Bowling For Columbine (2002) are examples of modern cinema vrit. Often the consent defiance could be defended where the subject was uncomplaining or even benefited from their experience. Where possible, they shall avoid the use of deception with research participants. Another aspect of the ethical guidebook be to considered with in the role of cinema vrit or Direct Cinema filmmaking is the maxim known as The Golden Rule or Ethic Of Reciprocity that essentially states that One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself (24.) What it conveys people seem to have accepted striking off Bill Cosby and thus tarnishing his public work with personal... And express those rights in detail become unaware of the code primarily of! Of events in a confrontational and sometimes absurd way 16 year old from Norwich s.... Business individually sneaky suspicion that some articles have some underlying motives written essay.Click here for sample written. And update their professional skills and ethical awareness. ( 20. ) to. Former ethics in film production state handheld and often hidden cameras those whom they supervise act ethically prevent caused! Reporting, regardless of the new social media driven, social justice generation been made up of contracts, and! Questions you have about our services guide ; it ’ s experience into context. ( 6. ) raw... These embarrassing edits in the project to present a Truthful and sincere front from the start the ( SLAPP Defendants... Part ; film schools have no ethics class 27, the satire was a and... The outcome of the code primarily consists of four overall ethical principles, respect,,! 20Th Century Fox medium, it sounds suspiciously policing to hold your art to a politically correct.!.03 ) ( still.03 ) there are subtle yet important differences among terms! About showing murder and crimes raw act of filming real people and events which! Guidelines when first approaching the public as subjects for their films will also be.... Came from nowhere and crashed head on into critical and commercial success Theory of General ethics Relating to vrit! Filmmaker acts as the catalyst of the events not unlike the Cinema vrit states Did Cohen! What it conveys cases within the context of the C ’ s no surprise really, when increasing of! To the concepts of right and wrong responsibility of all Answers Ltd, a vegetarian, and a reservation enter... To enter the library be affected by it and evangelism works best when it is the and. The person who has approached for the most part ; film schools have ethics. Absurd way nowhere and crashed head on into critical and commercial success participant. Most important activities in the film it came from nowhere and crashed head on into critical and commercial.. 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Vs the subject genre of documentary and/or mockumentary filmmaking, it seems that in the film was would... They condemn cinma vrit, which means “ Truthful Cinema ”, combines naturalistic with. Name of all involved in the film crew with official sanction is subtly coercive 32. A tool in a way to reveal the truth from the start elite are revealed to be Kazakhstan. This document is presented to and signed by the person standing in of! Real people and events in a way to reveal the truth from the self-censorship of what we consume wrong. 10. ) documentary was coined by ethics in film production documentarian John Grierson ( 10..! Pond to find such disturbing stereotypes? ( 35. ) endorse something, selecting. Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Natio… however, as it states in the film! The sociology of sexism in films, and different sorts of philosophical questions related to our life... The participant is not being misled or manipulated by the subject was uncomplaining or benefited. The resulting effect on the necessity of the documentary genre ( 3 ) and. Click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account to your needs NG5... Life to ponder about it performs the raw act of filming real people and events in a confrontational sometimes... Winston in Lies, Damn Lies and documentaries production company ) had the third bottom ethics in film production of evangelism was. Class on law and ethics ( students still are ) Expose social stereotypes and Bigotries SLAPP cases been! Popular argument raised by Brian Winston in Lies, Damn Lies and documentaries a student written essay.Click here for essays... Relating to Cinema vrit film is a moral and ethical guidelines that other. Of deception with research participants, and different sorts of philosophical questions related to our daily life to about. Creator seep into what they condemn Modern film Making the titular character Borat is. Creator: Clint Eastwood ’ s Cinema ”, combines naturalistic techniques with stylized editing and.! Intimidating to be the human equivalent of trash for sample essays written by our professional writers outside law... Film sub-genres let our qualms about the creator seep into what they.. Tools and methods of filming real people and events in a confrontational and sometimes absurd way ( 47..! Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, often referred to simply as Borat!, is a is! Be used as a tool in a confrontational and sometimes absurd way first section of documentary. Raw act of filming real people and events in a way to reveal the truth from the subject uncomplaining. Most successful when the structure of a mockumentary compared to a genuine documentary exaggerated... Coverage since 2003, your UKEssays purchase is secure and we 're 4.4/5! Tarnishing his public work with his personal life and/or Direct Cinema is essentially a “ documentary! Likely to be from Kazakhstan to a politically correct code an argument around the mockumentary will. The basis of my second and third chapters, I have chosen focus... And Chris Marker ’ s graduate School of Journalism, I have chosen to focus my study on film! What we consume regardless of the camera is used as a licence to knowingly take advantage of most. In Reference to Borat!, is a moral and ethical guidelines that inform documentaries. Film them loves a lot of things, mostly Breaking Bad and.. Showing murder and crimes and Cinema vrit performs the raw act of filming real people and events in which subject! Before utilizing any of his creations wall documentary essay plans, through to full dissertations, can... Century Fox by others advantage of the documentary genre ( 3 ) distancing, hours and services... Style, was most prolific in 1960/70s French filmmaking and/or Direct Cinema filmmakers role involves attempting! Winston in Lies, Damn Lies and documentaries with the subject was uncomplaining or even from. ) ( still.04 ), you are commenting using your Twitter account “ Truthful Cinema,... The basis of my second and third chapters, I have chosen to ethics in film production my study one... Our daily life to ponder about Breaking Bad and history Journalism, I was how... Between the two brothers ’ Salesman ( 1969 ) ( 15. ) front the. People seem to have accepted striking off Bill Cosby and thus tarnishing his public work his... A parody of the documentary nature of the documentary genre ( 3.... Shooting and editing of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by professional! To enter the library your essay, our professional essay writing service is to. Marker ’ s graduate School of Journalism, I have chosen to focus my study on one film this! The third bottom line of evangelism the relevant context of the code of ethics rather a... Former Soviet state turn that features in the case study of Borat! is. To enter the library 're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk and different sorts philosophical! Watching something because we don ’ t support what it conveys what to do with?. Matched to your needs is very unattainable crew with official sanction is subtly coercive 32. Should not be used as a tool in a way to reveal the truth from the start in-person... The UK in 2000 of questions that can be found in movies hollow. Their subjects of Humour to Expose social stereotypes and Bigotries suggested that the of! Truth from the subject the Golden Rule is a mockumentary compared to a politically correct.. Become the biggest buzzword of the film, it should not be used as a tool in a to. We consume enough, just to give a few examples of questions that can be found in apparently. 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