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western ghats mountains

 

The funds that will be generated through our trail running and mountain running marathons will go towards protecting and conserving the mountains and forest trails of the Western Ghats. Most of the important religious, historical, and tourist attractions of the region are located in…, …the Sahyadri Hills of the Western Ghats. Maharashtra-Wikipedia. intercepting the rain-laden monsoon winds that sweep in from the south-west during late summer. The highest peak in the Western Ghats is Anaimudi and its elevation is 2695 meters or 8842 ft. The hills receive heavy annual rainfall, which runs off in rapid streams that have dissected the landscape, creating infertile plateaus separated by fertile alluvial valleys. Chief crops are jowar (grain sorghum), bajra (pearl millet), sugarcane, and rice. The Western Ghats extend from the Satpura Range in the north, stretching from Gujarat to Tamil Nadu. The Western Ghats mountain range extends down the western side of India from the River Tapti, north of Mumbai, to Tamil Nadu at the southern tip of India. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [11] The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea. Each offers a variety of experience. The Western Ghats of India undoubtedly has many hidden gems that make for a perfect vacation. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats. Every region has its own festival and celebrations. They cover almost four major states of India and are the second-most highest mountain ranges of India after the Himalayas and 1.25 times the length of the Alps range in Europe. Rivers on the eastern slope of…, …and rain occur against the Western Ghats in India, where the early monsoonal airstream piles up against the steep slopes, then recedes, and piles up again to a greater height. Eastern Ghats mountain ranges are a series of discontinuous low ranges along the Bay of Bengal coast running from the Mahanadi River valley for about 500 metres up to the Nilgiri Hills in the south and forms the eastern edge of the divided Deccan plateau.Eastern Ghats are not as elevated as the Western Ghats. Western Ghats Villa is located in Sethumadai Pollachi, We offer different types of A/C And Non-A/C individual villa for tourists. [3] In Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati and Kannada, ghat is a term used to identify a difficult passage over a mountain. Limestone, bauxite and iron ore are found in the Eastern Ghats hill ranges. Our stage is the Sahyadri mountain range of Western Ghats, in Maharashtra. Their steep seaward slopes are deeply dissected by streams and canyonlike valleys, but on the landward side their slopes are gentle and give way to wide, mature valleys. Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains), is a mountain range covers an area of 140,000 km² in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the These m… It gives a feeling of being close to Mother Nature. Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 meters. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal. Western Ghats is a continuous mountain range that runs parallel to West Coast of India running through Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala. The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly monsoonwinds, and are consequently an area of hi… On the way I picked up my brother and his 2 friends’ .It is about 35 kms drive from my place Koramangla to Bangalore Airport. Several rivers, including the Periyar and Amaravati,…, The Western Ghats, which slope down abruptly to the western maritime plains, would theoretically allow dams to harness water flowing down the steep slope; however, the rivulets that rise on the summit have an insignificant volume of flow in winter. https://www.britannica.com/place/Western-Ghats. Major gaps in the range are the Goa Gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap on the Tamil Nadu and Kerala border between the Nilgiri Hills and the Anaimalai Hills. Charmadi Ghat of Karnataka is also notable. Western Ghats mountain ranges constitute the beautiful array of mountains along the western coast of India that separates the Deccan Plateau from a narrow coastal strip along the Arabian Sea.It is a virtual mountain range as it is a fractured extension of the Deccan Plateaupossibly formed during the break up of the super continent Gondwana. Mullayanagiri is the highest peak in Karnataka 1,950 metres (6,398 ft). It is also known as ‘Purbagha?a’. Anamudi, on the right, is the highest peak of the Western Ghats at 2,695 metres (8,842 ft) Nilgiris, a part of Western Ghats at Masinangudi, Tamil Nadu The absence of snowpack in the south Indian uplands makes the…, The Western Ghats, which are possibly a fault scarp, are the crest of the western edge of the Deccan plateau. The whole mountain range of the Western Ghats is home to a number of different cultures. Covering just five percent of India’s land, the Western Ghats contains 27% of India’s higher plant species (4,000 of 15,000 species) – 1,800 are found nowhere else in the world. Vagamon is a hill station in Kerala. There is even more specific endemism in the Southern Western Ghats. The numerous significant ghats along the Ganges are the Varanasi ghats (the city of Varanasi has 88 ghats) and generically the "ghats of the Ganges". Western Ghats is rich in biodiversity. The Western Ghats at Kerala as well as Tamil Nadu is home of many tea and java farms. The forested areas on the mountains, the greenery around are best views to enjoy in a city like Elevations increase northward to…, The Western Ghats and the ranges on the northern borders greatly influence the climate and separate the wet Konkan Coast from the dry interior upland, an area called the Desh. [7][8] It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. The EBA ( Endemic Bird Area ) extends along the Ghats from just north of Maharashtra to the tip of the peninsula. The Western Ghats run for 1,600km in parallel with India’s west coast, from Gujarat right down to Tamil Nadu at the tip of the subcontinent. They are aligned in north-east to south-west direction. For example, in George Town, Penang in Malaysia, the label "Ghaut" is used to identify the extensions of those streets which formerly ended in ghats before reclamation of the quayside (e.g., Church St Ghaut - in Malay Gat Lebuh Gereja - is the name of the extension of Church St beyond where the street used to descend to the water via a ghat). From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. Peaks. Anamudi 2,695 metres in Kerala the highest peak in Western Ghats. This particular mountain range … Munnar, Kerala – The Western Ghats Mountains in India’s Kerala State. Aapravasi Ghat or The Immigration Depot is a building complex located in Port Louis on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius, the first British colony to receive indentured, or contracted, labour workforce from India. They rise abruptly from the coastal plain of the Arabian Sea as an escarpment of variable height, but…, …the hill ranges (the Western Ghats), the Karnataka Plateau to the east, and the black-soil tract to the northwest. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_peaks_in_the_Western_Ghats Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The highest mountain is the Western Ghats is Anamudi, in Kerala at 2,695 meters high. The main crops are rice and coconuts; cultivation of various fruits and cashew nuts was developed in the…, The high peaks of the Western Ghats run along the state’s western border. Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could refer either to a range of stepped hills with valleys (ghati in Hindi), such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such as a bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, the Ghats in Varanasi, Dhobi Ghat or the Aapravasi Ghat. endangered species abound in india’s western ghats The diversity of plants, birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles is spectacular. The coastal plain represents a northward continuation of the Malabar Coast, with sand dunes giving place inland to small alluvial plains and lagoons. Sunithi L. Narayan, Revathy Nagaswami, 1992, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, substantial proportion of their national populations, Discover sublime India: handbook for tourists, https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/hindi-english/%E0%A4%98%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%9F%E0%A5%80, "UN designates Western Ghats as world heritage site", "39 sites in Western Ghats get world heritage status", >Bombay Teachers and the Cultural Role of Cities, Of 'ghati', 'bhaiyya' & 'yandu gundu': Mumbai has huge diversity in its pejoratives, "Geology of Eastern Ghats in Andhra Pradesh", "An Overview of Indentured Labour Immigration in Mauritius", "Coolitude and the symbolism of the Aapravasi ghat", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghat&oldid=995030819, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 21:03. Along the range there are 14 peaks that are more than 2,000 meters high and over a score that are over 1,000 meters. Anai Peak, at 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) in the Anaimalai Hills, is the highest mountain in. Download PDF. Their steep seaward slopes are deeply dissected by streams and canyonlike valleys, but on the landward side their slopes are gentle and give way to wide,…, … on the crest of the Western Ghats. The Eastern Ghats parallel the Coromandel Coast. Village in the Anaimalai Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu state, India. Located in the Western Ghats range, it rises to 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) and is peninsular India’s highest peak. People who live on the steps are also called ghats. Most of these were constructed under the patronage of various Maratha rulers such as Ahilyabai Holkar (Queen of the Malwa Kingdom from 1767 to 1795) in the 18th century.[18]. Aravali Range. Ghats refer to two converging mountain ranges in south-eastern India, called the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats, running along the eastern and western seaboards of the country. It is just a UNESCO Community Heritage Site and is one of many eight best hot spots of biological diverseness in the world. Mountain ranges The Western Ghats extend from your Satpura Range in the north, go southern past Maharashtra, Goa, through Karnataka and intoKerala and Tamil Nadu. Conversely, as the winds descend on the leeward side of the Western Ghats, the air’s moisture-bearing capacity increases and the resultant rain shadow makes for a belt of semiarid terrain, much of it with less than 25 inches (635 mm) of precipitation per…, The Western Ghats, also called the Sahyadri, are a north-south chain of mountains or hills that mark the western edge of the Deccan plateau region. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. [21] In Mauritius alone, 68 percent of the current total population is of Indian ancestry. They rise abruptly from the coastal plain of the Arabian Sea as an escarpment of variable height, but… It is at times called the truly great Escarpment of India. [20] From 1849 to 1923, half a million Indian indentured labourers passed through the Immigration Depot, to be transported to plantations throughout the British Empire. The Western Ghats (or the Sahyadri Mountain range) provide a physical backbone to the state on the west, while the Satpura Hills along the north and Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri ranges on the east serve as its natural borders. Mountains Some of Anamudi, the highest top of american Ghats a couple of, 695 metres (8, 842 ft) from Eravikulam National Recreation area, Kerala. The reason is the presence of Palghat pass which is a natural gap of about 30 kilometers in the elsewhere continuous mountain range. The Western Ghats in Matheran, Maharashtra, India. Eastern Ghats on the east coast of India and Western Ghats on the west coast of India are the largest ghats in pensular India. Visited Vagamon, the Scotland of Asia, as yet? The Eastern Ghats run from the northern Odisha through Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka and in the Wayanad region of Kerala. This is an incomplete list: The word is also used in some places outside the Indian subcontinent where there are Indian communities. [9] It is a biodiversity hotspot that contains a large proportion of the country's flora and fauna; many of which are only found here and nowhere else in the world. The Western Ghats (Western Mountain Ranges) are ranges of hills along the western edge of the Deccan plateau in peninsular India. [10] According to UNESCO, Western Ghats are older than Himalayan mountains. 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