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Thai law permitted foreign trafficking victims and witnesses to stay and work in Thailand for up to two years upon the completion of legal proceedings against their traffickers; however, the government did not report if any victims received this benefit during the reporting period. The government could only provide temporary assistance to potential victims for up to eight days, and formal identification by MDTs was necessary for victims to obtain a legal right to services. Traffickers use Thailand as a transit country for victims from China, North Korea, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, and Burma whom traffickers subject to sex trafficking and forced labor in countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Russia, South Korea, the United States, and countries in Western Europe. 4 A survey conducted by the International Organisation for The late 1700s to the 1850s witnessed an influx in the number of Chinese labor workers and sex workers coming to Thailand. The Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission referred seven officials to prosecutors, of which the government initiated four prosecutions. Labor inspectors could be held personally liable for claims of abuse of power under Thai law, which may have discouraged them from reporting suspected exploitation. The government required fishing vessels operating in Thai waters to return to ports every 30 days and strictly regulated long-haul Thai-flagged vessels from operating in international waters. These efforts included identifying more victims, sentencing convicted traffickers and complicit officials to significant prison terms, developing several manuals in partnership with civil society to standardize anti-trafficking trainings and policies. In addition, the government’s criminal defamation laws allowed companies to pursue criminal charges against potential victims and advocates during the reporting period, and the government did not report investigating company owners for subjecting these workers to exploitation. The Government of Thailand does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. A 12-year-old boy sitting under a tree told me American … "We are doing our best," he said. The government did not report investigating illegal salary deductions. While the electronic payment system increased the ability of labor inspectors to verify wage payments, observers reported concerns that some workers were unable to access their funds due to a lack of ATMs near some ports, insufficient training on how to use the system, and the withholding of workers’ ATM cards and PINs by vessel owners, captains, or brokers. MSDHS operated a unit under its anti-trafficking division to provide victims legal assistance and file compensation claims and developed guidelines to enhance the efficacy of filing such claims. As a sector, we must do everything in our power to help eradicate the problem so that people may move freely and safely … An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. Thai law permitted recruitment agencies to charge recruitment fees to Thais seeking overseas employment and excessive fees incurred by some workers made them vulnerable to debt bondage or other exploitative conditions. In shopping malls, cinemas and train stations across the capital, Bangkok, videos show visitors how to look out for signs of human trafficking. Labor traffickers subject Thai, Burmese, Cambodian, Vietnamese, and Indonesian men and boys to forced labor on Thai and foreign-owned fishing boats. Legal advocates and NGOs reported traffickers rarely paid compensation and restitution orders, thus discouraging other victims from cooperating in prosecutions. MSDHS coordinated with TATIP to train multidisciplinary team (MDT) participants as victim specialists to improve victim identification and evidence collection. A video flashes the message: "Keep Thailand the Land of Smiles for all". Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. MSDHS introduced a handbook for interpreters on assisting trafficking victims. Thailand is recognized as a key destination for human trafficking in the Mekong region, in addition to being a source and transit country for forced labour and sex trafficking. MSDHS approved a daily allowance of 200 baht ($6.18) to victims working inside government shelters; an hourly compensation of 100 baht ($3.09) was paid to victims who received interpretation skills training and served as interpreters during recreational or vocational training activities in the shelters. "Every effort is important," Weerachon Sukhontapatipak, a Thai government spokesman told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. In addition, some judges lacked sufficient understanding of trauma-informed care, which resulted in harmful treatment of victims during court proceedings. Undocumented foreign victims of trafficking were required to remain in shelters while the government processed applications for permits to stay and work in Thailand. Laurea-ammattikorkeakoulu Tiivistelmä Kerava Tourism Reetta Aliina Heikkinen Human Trafficking and Tourism Case: Thailand in the Media Vuosi 2015 Sivumäärä 45 Tämä opinnäytetyö on arvioitu ja julkaistu Toukokuussa 2015. 18 April 2018. Lucky for Some: Chinese City Launches Wind Power Lottery to Ease Grid Strains. BANGKOK, April 18 — At Bangkok’s main Suvarnabhumi airport, a video repeats scenes of tourists visiting Thailand’s sunny beaches and its vibrant nightlife, but at the end comes a warning. However, in recent the years the country has come under international scrutiny for failing to combat human trafficking, especially in its lucrative seafood industry. NGOs reported a decline in the prevalence of forced child begging following the passage of the 2016 Beggar Control Act, which provided for health and social services to beggars, including trafficking victims. @hrw letter to Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha https://t.co/TIE3frGfSnpic.twitter.com/yYG9hBGodF, By subscribing, you accept the terms and conditions in our, ©2021 Bangkok Post Public Company Limited, Tourists tapped to fight human trafficking. MSDHS reported it assigned social workers to maintain contact with victims for at least one year after their reintegration. Observers reported MDTs were sometimes reluctant to make identifications unless a case was likely to result in a successful prosecution. • Increase efforts to ensure employers provide workers copies of contracts in a language they understand. The government operated specialized anti-trafficking divisions within the Bangkok Criminal Court, office of the attorney general (OAG), and the Royal Thai Police (RTP). The government distributed a new handbook in seven languages informing victims of their legal rights under the trafficking law, including access to services. Most victims of human trafficking in Thailand are, in fact, of Thai nationality – The majority of trafficking victims identified in Thailand are Thai nationals, trafficked both domestically and internationally. More Pressure Needed on Myanmar to Take Back Rohingya: Bangladeshi PM. It initiated prosecutions against 416 illegal brokers (287 in 2017) under the Employment and Job-Seeker Protection Act. Ethnic Thais are trafficked from poor areas of Chiang Rai, Nong Khai, and Phayao to the tourist areas. Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. Its victims often end up being sexually exploited in travel and tourist destinations around the globe. CCCIF implemented a system to inspect vessels based on risk assessments and reported it inspected all vessels placed in the “high-risk” category, as well as a percentage of medium- and low-risk vessels. Consequently, before they were physically or psychologically prepared to undergo the MDT identification process, victims frequently sought temporary care from NGOs, rather than government agencies. The Ministerial Regulation on Labor Protection for Sea Fishers, which took effect in April 2018, required Thai vessels operating outside Thai waters to provide messaging data to workers for communicating with government agencies and personal contacts. Civil society organizations noted inconsistent interview practices, inspections conducted without interpreters, and inspection practices that enabled owners, captains, or brokers to determine which workers reported exploitation to inspectors, thereby deterring workers from revealing information due to fears of retaliation. NGOs reported difficulty accessing victims they had supported once they entered MSDHS shelters; this, combined with insufficient communication from shelter staff, discouraged NGOs from further cooperating with the government or referring victims to authorities. The government did not report vigorously investigating or prosecuting immigration officials who facilitated trafficking by accepting bribes at border checkpoints. The complicated nature of government registration and, in many cases, low levels of literacy resulted in reliance on brokers who often overcharged workers to obtain documents, thereby increasing their vulnerability to debt bondage. In 2018, the government conducted 259 labor inspections at on-land seafood processing workplaces and found 88 cases of labor law violations. In collaboration with a foreign government, the government published a handbook for social workers to streamline the reintegration process for Thai victims. It is also a hotbed of human trafficking and abuse. To discourage child sex tourism, the government coordinated with foreign governments to deny entry to known sex offenders, and produced and displayed a video discouraging child sex tourism in Thai airports and on Thai airline flights. The government continued to refer victims to government-operated shelters where they had access to counseling, legal assistance, medical care, civil compensation, financial aid, witness protection, education or vocational trainings, and employment. Unconfirmed reports indicated insurgent groups may have trained a small number of Cambodian children in schools in southern Thailand to serve as combatants; initial statements by Thai authorities, however, denied any evidence of insurgent links. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. Sustainable development, media of their legal rights under the employment and protection... Reported it assigned social workers to obtain employment abroad in 2018 officials facilitate trafficking by accepting bribes or loans business! Anti-Corruption Commission referred seven officials to prosecutors, of which the government vowed... Overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period ; therefore Thailand remained on Tier.! 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