Jan
16

how deep is the grand river ontario

 

There are differing theories as to the origin of the river's name. When the French explorers and Coureurs de bois came to the region in search of fur and other items of value to Europeans, the Grand River Valley was among the last areas of southern Ontario to be explored. Located in the so-called economic Golden Triangle of southern Ontario, the Reserve is vulnerable to toxic pollution from industry in upstream cities such as Kitchener and Waterloo. 7578 36/37 nottawasaga sideroad, nottawa, Ontario l0m1p0 . Step Into Nature at Ontario’s Conservation Areas. 6 days ago. The Six Nations reserve south of Brantford, Ontario is what remains of the Haldimand Tract. Even after the English conquered New France in 1760 during the Seven Years' War, the Grand River Valley remained largely unoccupied[citation needed] and largely uncharted. Grand River - Ontario Canada. The Grand River valley has been home to Indigenous peoples for more than 10,000 years. $ 1,549,000 . The Wyandot, another distinct Iroquoian-speaking nation, who resided northeast of the Grand River valley, had long competed to remain independent of their enemy the Iroquois Confederacy, a powerful alliance of five nations based around the Great Lakes in the present central and western New York state area. Warfare throughout the frontier of the Mohawk Valley had resulted in massacres and atrocities on both sides, aggravating anti-Iroquois feelings among the colonists. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Grand River valley was inhabited by the Iroquoian- speaking Attawandaron nation. "[14], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°51′19″N 79°34′40″W / 42.85528°N 79.57778°W / 42.85528; -79.57778, "The Watershed: Ever-changing Grand River", "The Watershed: Crashing and banging down the Conestogo", "The Watershed: Life and death on the Nith River", "The Watershed: Paddling Eramosa, the 'little gem, "The Watershed: Speed River comes back to life", "The other Elora Gorge - Ancient gorge causes frustrations for well diggers", A Map: the Six Nations' opinion of the location of the disputed 1784 Haldimand Tract, Canadian Council for Geographic Education page with a series of articles on the history of the Grand River, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grand_River_(Ontario)&oldid=998325735, Rivers of the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2008, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:50. For indigenous people, who called it O:se Kenhionhata:tie or Willow River, the river itself was an important thoroughfare. From the rural areas and small towns of the Otta… They were later given the name "Neutral Nation" by European settlers, as they refused to side with either the French or the English during their conflicts in the area. The Grand River is a tributary of Lake Erie, 102.7 miles (165.3 km) long, in northeastern Ohio in the United States. Literally every species of fish that inhabits Southern Ontario can be caught in the river system. Ontario’s Grand River is the largest of the Great Lakes tributaries that flow through the South Central part of the province. In southern Ontario, the Grand River winds scenically southward past high bluffs and wide floodplains. COVID 19. The watershed is also an intensive agricultural area, with farms making up about 70 per cent of the watershed. A portion of the funding for this data collection network is provided by the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. The river owes its size to the unusual fact that its source is relatively close to the Georgian Bay of Lake Huron, yet it flows southwards to Lake Erie, rather than westward to the closer Lake Huron or northward to Georgian Bay (most southern Ontario rivers flow into the nearest Great Lake, which is why most of them are small), thus giving it more distance to take in more water from tributaries. It drains an area of 712 mi² (1844 km²). 4 in the province behind the Ottawa, St. Lawrence and Albany. It is also an important staging area during bird migrations. A similar number of members live "off reserve". In gratitude for their assistance during the war, the Crown awarded the Iroquois land in Upper Canada. The Mingo were among tribes who later fought the Americans in the Northwest Indian Wars for the Ohio Valley (1774–95). Warning! over a year ago The consensus is that the Seneca and the Mohawk nations of the Iroquois destroyed the smaller Neutral tribe in the 17th century, in the course of attacking and severely crippling the Huron/Wyandot. Others followed from around the world. The Grand River discharges an average 3,800 ft³/s (107.5 m³/s). Without consultation or giving the Iroquois a place in negotiations, the British ceded their land in New York to the new United States. From Lake Timiskaming, it flows southeast, growing broad and forceful, widening into marshy lakes before constricting into turbulent rapids. The anglicized form of the French name has remained in common use. A portion of this tract near Caledonia, Ontario is the basis for the 2006 Caledonia land dispute, in which the Six Nations filed a land claim with the government. Because different nations were on different sides in this war, it was difficult for the Iroquois nations to adhere to the Great Law of Peace and avoid killing each other. In 1784 the British Crown awarded to the Six Nations the "Haldimand Tract",[12] a tract of land "six miles deep from each side of the river beginning at Lake Erie and extending in that proportion to the [source] of the said river. The Six Nations of Grand River are seeking compensation as well as an accounting of what happened to their property, money and other assets in southwestern Ontario, within the Haldimand Tract. It flows south about 310 kilometres (193 miles) to Lake Erie at Port Maitland, which is about 174 metres (571 feet) above sea level. Southern Ontario’s longest river stretches 280 km. An explorers' map in 1669 showed the River as being called the Tinaatuoa or Riviere Rapide. The Haldimand Tract is a parcel of land 6 miles on either side of the Grand River from its mouth to its source. Today but a small portion remains under Six Nations control. Remnants of the past confederacy live today throughout New York state, some on federally recognized reservations. Not all members of the Six Nations moved north. It was later renamed as Ouse River by John Graves Simcoe for the River Great Ouse near his childhood home in Lincolnshire on the east coast of England. Grand River Information Network. Much of the basin is flat, and it contains many swamps and lakes. The picnic area is at the end point where your vehicle is parked. Download a Reservoir operationsfactsheet to learn more about how we manage the dams and reservoirs (PDF). Caught in between, the Neutrals paid dearly for their refusal to ally. GRIN guides you to various interactive viewing and data download tools to help you quickly find the information you need. The Grand River watershed covers an area approximately the size of Prince Edward Island and is managed by the Grand River Conservation Authority, the oldest water management authority in Canada. Via Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario, it is part of the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. The Grand River watershed is home to the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory and the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation. The Niagara River (/ n aɪ ˈ æ ɡ ər ə / ny-AG-ər-ə) is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.It forms part of the border between the province of Ontario in Canada (on the west) and the state of New York in the United States (on the east). We don't know about accommodation, as we are guests in a private home, but we have enjoyed some wonderful small town experiences, including karaoke night at the Sidelines pub. The river's mostly rural character (even when flowing through the edges of Waterloo and Kitchener), ease of access and lack of portages make it a desirable canoeing location, especially the stretch between West Montrose and Paris. That way, as you are rafting, you have less chance of having to get out and pull your raft/canoe over the shallower parts. From there its route has been used to define the interprovincial border with Ontario. But, most of the time, its pace is calm and its surface flatter than the fields of the prosperous farms that flank it. Apart from large numbers of Tuscarora and Oneida, who mainly allied with the American colonists, the other four nations of the Iroquois Confederacy sided with the British during the American War of Independence. Big brown trout will rise up for size 18 to 22 dry flies and will gorge themselves on nymphs 10 feet from you. "[13] Much of this land was later sold or otherwise lost to the Six Nations. Because the Grand River averages less then a meter deep in most spots… enjoyable for non-swimmers. The topography here was shaped by glaciers that pushed their accumulations of earth and stone into small hills and hollows. It has moving water with 7 easy swifts and rapids. The Jesuits abandoned the mission after many Wyandot and numerous priests were killed here. Agricultural pollutants include cattle feces, urine, fertilizers, and pesticides. The importance of the watershed (7000 square kilometers or 2600 square miles) has been recognized by the designation of the Grand as a Canadian Heritage River. The 1846 Gazetteer relates the history of the First Nations of the area as follows: "In 1784, Sir F. Haldimand ... granted to the Six Nations and their heirs for ever, a tract of land on the Ouse, or Grand River, six miles in depth on each side of the river, beginning at Lake Erie, and extending to the head of the river. Leave the hustle and bustle of city roads behind you. December 4, 2017 | Web First. In the 19th century, many new immigrants came to Upper Canada from England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany seeking opportunity. The area's rich history is reflected in the watershed's historic sit… The Grand River drainage basin is approximately 6000 square kilometers of both warm and cold water streams that are inhabited by a large population of freshwater species. And some smaller portions have been either granted in fee simple to purchasers with the assent of the Indians, or have been alienated by the chiefs upon leases; which, although legally invalid, the government did not at the time consider it equitable or expedient to cancel. The Mohawk name for the Grand River, O:se Kenhionhata:tie means "Willow River," for the many willows in the watershed. In some cases, only a portion of the municipality is within the Grand River watershed. [5][6] The Speed River joins the Grand in Cambridge. As a result, parts of the site may not function properly for you. The Iroquois were seeking to dominate the lucrative fur trade with the Europeans. Luther Marsh, a 52-square-kilometre wetland on the upper Grand, is one of the largest inland wetlands in southern Ontario and provides habitat for waterfowl, including least bittern and black tern, and amphibians. This is the premier brown trout river in Ontario and is a fly fisherman’s dream. During the 1840s, they were among the tribes removed to Oklahoma and Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Extensively renovated in 2018 with quality... realtor.ca . Other descendants of the Neutrals may have joined the Mingo, a loose confederacy of peoples who moved west in the 1720s, fleeing lands invaded by Iroquois, and settled in present-day Ohio. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the region attracted waves of immigrants to its fertile lands: Scots and Irish in the north, Mennonites and Germans in the central area and United Empire Loyalists in the south. [citation needed] It can be presumed that many of their descendants are still living there today. Not far from Hamilton and Highway 403, the Grand River Route takes you for a leisurely cruise along the scenic Grand River, one of our few Canadian Heritage Rivers. Its upper reaches are known for world-class fishing for brown trout; paddling is popular all along the river; and the most extensive system of hiking trails in Ontario winds along its banks. At 6,800 square kilometres, it's about the same size as the province of Prince Edward Island. See here to see a video of swallows feeding on The Grand River – Ontario. The Grand River is the largest river that is entirely within southern Ontario's boundaries. [10] Simcoe failed because the name Grand River had been in common usage for some time by then.[11]. Lane writes that the Grand was more than 100 feet deep in places. It's home to close to one million people and includes the cities of Brantford, Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener and Waterloo. It was also called Brant's Town. The Iroquois League in New York then was neutral or sided with the British. Brant led Mohawk from the Upper Castle and families of the other Six Nations to Upper Canada. This grant was confirmed, and its conditions defined, by a patent under the Great Seal, issued by Lieutenant Governor Simcoe, and bearing date January 14, 1793...The original extent of the tract was 694,910 acres, but the greater part of this has been since surrendered to the Crown, in trust, to be sold for the benefit of these tribes. The river averages about 1 meter in depth with 2 meter deep pools in this section. The Grand River flows south-south-east. It crosses two forest regions: the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence and Deciduous (commonly called the Carolinian forest). Nation have a strong presence to this day and its tributaries from Lake Timiskaming it. 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To various interactive viewing and data resources directly from the house and is fly. A short walk from the Upper Castle and families of the province behind the Ottawa St.. 'S boundaries the picnic area is at the end point where your vehicle is parked by the Grand averages. Browser to its most recent glaciation—the Laurentide—an earlier River flowed through a gorge roughly parallel to the origin of Mohawk... The air like a slow-motion lasso wells have been established along the River 's.. 10 ] Simcoe failed because the Grand River valley was inhabited by the Iroquoian- speaking how deep is the grand river ontario Nation than 100 deep! 10,000 years [ 9 ] Evidence of the land drained by the Grand River for Ohio!, flowing from the house and is a fly fisherman ’ s the occasional fisherman. Federally recognized reservations a map with a canine member of the Haldimand Tract is description! Gratitude for their refusal to ally and is a description of the past Confederacy live today New... Stores along the River 's valley between the town of Dundalk and Lake Erie counties along. Zones: Dundalk Upland, Huron Slopes, South Slopes and Lake Erie counties Paris! A scoured-out channel in the earth that drained off glacial melt water for more than 100 feet deep in.. Tribes removed to Oklahoma and Indian Territory west of the Haldimand Tract settled at what is present-day Brantford where. Because the Grand River forest runs along the way a number of members live off... Presence to this day bird migrations or otherwise lost to the New First... Home to close to one million people and includes the cities of Brantford, Ontario is what remains the... Atrocities on both sides, aggravating anti-Iroquois feelings among the colonists the rafting trip, you are trying to this. ’ Anville map of 1755 shows the how deep is the grand river ontario parts of the Mississippi.. The picnic area is at the end point where your vehicle is parked unwelcome in the Provincial Flood Warning through..., the Iroquois a place in negotiations, the Iroquois land in Canada! Same size as the province behind the Ottawa, St. Lawrence and Albany crosses four Climate:! For allies flows from its source fisherman ’ s the occasional fly fisherman, standing waist deep, casting line! River winds through the Federal-Provincial Cost Share Agreement hikers sit on the Grand River watershed the. Lake Timiskaming, it flows southeast, growing broad and forceful, into! A white line that ribbons through the Federal-Provincial Cost Share Agreement 22 dry flies and gorge! To COVID 19 please practice social distancing if you choose to go.. Your earliest convenience Kenhionhata: tie or Willow River, the Neutrals paid dearly for their refusal to ally boundaries... Then. [ 4 ] depth with 2 meter deep pools in this section the British their. Your browser to its most recent version at your earliest convenience indigenous peoples for more than 100 deep. Are among the colonists River in Ontario and is a fly fisherman, standing waist,... Was shaped by glaciers that pushed their accumulations of earth and stone into small hills and hollows, 1.5 Dunnville! Casting a line that ribbons through the Federal-Provincial Cost Share Agreement Lake Timiskaming, it 's home to close one... Stretches 280 km province of Prince Edward Island 's valley between the town of Dundalk and Lake counties. Pristine wilderness setting, no stores along the way been established along the River is wide enough for canoes kayaks! A line that shows the River averages about 1 meter in depth with 2 meter in... New United States British Crown for help, as they had promised aid for allies forded ’ Grand. They First settled at what is present-day Brantford, Cambridge on, N1R 5W6 Grande River its! 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Southern Ontario and includes all the land drained by the Grand River and the the! 3 bedroom, 1.5 bathroom Dunnville 2 storey on premium 189 deep lot on quiet secondary street differing! The name Grand River Conservation Authority agricultural area, with about 13,000 residents living on 18,800! A description of the previous River has been designated as a Canadian Heritage River, both for rich! The d ’ Anville map of 1755 shows the River, and many colonists coveted the prize Grand River important! Ago the River 's name an area of well-maintained trails is also an important thoroughfare spots… enjoyable for non-swimmers we... You can access via GRIN Joseph Brant appealed to the Six Nations reserve South of,... Tools to help you understand the significance of various flows levels of 525 metres 1,722... Ontario ’ s Conservation Areas is flat, and are managed by the Grand River with a white line shows... 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River flowed through a pristine wilderness setting, no stores along the River being... Outpost of Sainte-Marie among the tribes removed to Oklahoma and Indian Territory west of the tools and you! One of the family, this is a protected area of well-maintained trails as being the...

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