1 ABC Once lived in Europe and Asia.Answer: C, 3 ABC Did not survive long after the arrival of immigrants.Answer: A, 4 ABC Interbred with another species.Answer: C, 5 ABC Appears not to have passed on mitochondrial DNAto another species.Answer: A, C both Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. Match each feature with the correct species, A, B or C. NB You may use any letter more than once. These genes therefore look like good places to start the search for modern humanity’s essence. Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers. Exactly why the Neanderthals died out 40,000 years ago is still debated, but evolutionary biologist Nicholas Longrich looks at the evidence for a war between them and modern humans. They lived with modern humans for several millennia and became extinct. Neanderthals and modern humans are two closely related species. B Homo neanderthalensis, to give its proper name, lived in Europe and parts of Asia from 400,000 years ago to 30,000 years ago. One piece of self-knowledge, then - at least for non-Africans - is that they have a dash of Neanderthal in them. Modern man (homo sapiens) and neanderthal man (homo neanderthalensis) are closely related. Small genetic traces of Neanderthals have recently been found in modern-day Humans which means a few of them were capable of and did interbreed with humans in the past. Academic IELTS Reading Sample 316 - Neanderthals and modern humans Details Last Updated: Sunday, 10 September 2017 15:02 Written by IELTS Mentor Hits: 26049 . 737-741. Towards the end of this period it shared its range with interlopers in the form of Homo sapiens , who were spreading out from Africa. If any of the modern crises (nuclear war, pandemic, climate change) wipe humans out, the Neanderthals’ run will have been twice as long as that of H. sapiens. 20 reference to an unexplained link between two events. If early language didn't have syllables, then the children acquiring … It seems that the expansion of our ancient human ancestors … While anatomically modern humans and neanderthals certainly had many physical differences, their behavioral patterns seemed to be similar and the two species did interact with each other. Questions & Answers. In fact, their origin dates back to the ice age. 1. There are a number of differences between Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens (Modern Humans) that include a number of physical differences too. Other studies have quantified how shapes in thumb bones vary in Neanderthals and modern humans, as well as other fossil human relatives. The state of genome science is still quite primitive, and it is often unclear what any given bit of DNA is actually doing. Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G. Match each feature with the correct species. But it’s also possible, Akey proposes, that an even earlier group of modern humans left Africa 200,000 years ago and mated with Neanderthals when they got to … It is all, then, very promising - and a second coup in quick succession for Dr Paabo. But factors related to both the dispersion at Babel and … The Neandertals are not mysterious, but rather incredibly intriguing. For reasons which are as yet unknown, the arrival of Homo sapiens in a region was always quickly followed by the disappearance of Neanderthals. There are two basic hypothesis to explain the extinction o… All rights reserved. Neanderthals and modern humans met and interbred some time between 370,000 and 100,000 years ago. 1 Neanderthals and Modern Humans; 2 Answers. Two female Neanderthals from … One piece of self-knowledge, then - at least for non-Africans - is that they have a dash of Neanderthal in them. Thank you! By comparing modem humans, Neanderthals, … You should spend 20 minutes on questions 1-13 based on the given reading passage. It is strange, though, that no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has turned up in modern humans, since the usual pattern of invasion in historical times was for the invaders’ males to mate with the invaded’s females. C Before 2009, Dr Paabo and his team had conducted only a superficial comparison between the DNA of Neanderthals and modern humans. However, in a scientific masterpiece, Svante Paabo and his colleagues from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, in Leipzig, have made such a comparison possible. No. 22 the announcement of a scientific breakthrough. Modern humans and Neanderthals could be forgiven for having other issues on their minds when they interbred in the stone age. Therefore, the answer is C. both Homo Neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens. It is strange, though, that no Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA has turned up in modern humans, since the usual pattern of invasion in historical times was for the invaders’ males to mate with the invaded’s females. It shows that even after several hundred thousand years of separation, the two species were inter-fertile. However, the rest are not. Neanderthals Fully Human. By contrast an earlier phase of the study had already shown that Neanderthals and moderns share the same version of a gene called FOXP2, which is involved in the ability to speak, and which differs in chimpanzees. However, the rest are not. Neanderthals were a group of human-like hominids that lived from 130,000 to 30,000 years ago. Contents. Neanderthals and Modern Humans – IELTS Reading Answers. The Neanderthals wee of the same speies as the so-called modern humans, because two animals are of a single species if they can reproduce with fertile offspring, and Neanderthals and the moderns did that, as is evidenced by the fact that Neanderthal DNA has remained in the species since then. All modern humans likely have a bit of Neanderthal in their DNA, including Africans who had previously been thought to have no genetic link to humanity's extinct human relative, a new study finds. E That is intriguing. Dr Paabo has identified 212 parts of the genome that seem to have undergone significant evolution since the species split.